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Paradoxically, Lebanese nationalists also speak about the Lebanese people in racial terms, claiming that the Lebanese are "pure" descendants of the Phoenician peoples, whom they view as separate from the ancient residents of the region, including — ironically — the Canaanites. Furthermore, that all this happened centuries before the Arab-Islamic Conquest.[10]. Hebrew. The "Hebrew language" (better called Canaanite since it was) existed well before then; the oldest surviving Hebrew language texts were written down in the Phoenician script. Phoenician Names; Find popular Phoenician baby names for your newborn boy or girl. Our first examples of the Phoenician alphabet—technically an abjad, containing only consonants—appear around the 11th … It was a variety of the Phoenician language spoken in the Carthaginian empire based in North Africa, including … Because of how closely religious and ethnic identities are intertwined in Lebanon, Phoenicianism is especially common among those Lebanese people who adhere to Christianity, who identify more with Pre-Islamic history and culture. The counter position is summed by As'ad AbuKhalil, Historical Dictionary of Lebanon (London: Scarecrow Press), 1998: Ethnically speaking, the Lebanese are indistinguishable from the peoples of the eastern Mediterranean. Aramaeanism, Assyrianism, Greater Syrian nationalism, Kurdish nationalism, Berberism, Pharaonism, Phoenicianism. Phoenician is very close to Phoenician language, a Semitic language of the Northern Central (often called Northwestern) group, spoken in ancient times on the coast of Syria and Palestine in Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, and neighbouring towns and in other areas of the Mediterranean colonized by Phoenicians. The ultimate A-Z Phoenician names list, complete with name meanings, origins and background info for all Phoenician baby names. Tyre. The language Phoenician was a Semitic language, more precisely belonging to the group of canaanite languages which includes Hebrew, Phoenician, Philistine, Moabite, etc. Category:phn:All topics: Phoenician terms organized by topic, such as "Family" or "Chemistry". Among political parties professing Phoenicianism is the Kataeb Party,[11] a Lebanese nationalist party in the March 14 Alliance. According to genetic studies performed on the Lebanese populace, the Lebanese people share more than 90% of their genetic makeup with the ancient Canaanites. HANNIBAL m Phoenician (Latinized), History Means "grace of Ba'al" from Phoenician hann "grace" combined with the name of the god BA'AL. It also was the name of a stringed instrument, probably also a reference to a Phoenician origin. From which language is the name "Phoenician" derived? Herodotus’s story of the foundation of Greek Thebes by the Tyrian prince Cadmus may be more myth than history, but the detail about the alphabet is true: in fact, the Phoenician script was borrowed by the Greeks and then the Romans, as well as the Israelites. The point of controversy between Phoenicianists and their opponents lies in whether the differences between the Arabic varieties are sufficient to consider them separate languages. The Dutch university professor Leonard C. Biegel, in his 1972 book Minorities in the Middle East: Their significance as political factor in the Arab World, coined the term Neo-Shu'ubiyya to name the modern attempts of alternative non-Arab nationalisms in the Middle East, e.g. Phoenician language, a Semitic language of the Northern Central (often called Northwestern) group, spoken in ancient times on the coast of Syria and Palestine in Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, and neighbouring towns and in other areas of the Mediterranean colonized by Phoenicians. After 900 B.C. [13] "Phoenicianism embraces Phoenicia as an alternative cultural foundation by rejecting 850 years of Arabization.". At the modest height of their usage in 2018, 0.121% of baby boys were given Phoenician names. ; Category:Terms derived from Phoenician: Categories with terms derived from Phoenician in various specific languages. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phoenicianism&oldid=988354317, Articles needing additional references from November 2007, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from August 2007, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Wikipedia articles with style issues from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Kaufman, Asher, "Phoenicianism: The Formation of an Identity in Lebanon in 1920", Plonka Arkadiusz, "Le nationalisme linguistique au Liban autour de Sa‘īd ‘Aql et l’idée de langue libanaise dans la revue «Lebnaan» en nouvel alphabet", Arabica, 53 (4), 2006, pp. ; Category:User phn: Wiktionary users categorized by fluency levels in Phoenician. Latin. The Punic language, also called Canaanite or Phoenicio-Punic, is an extinct variety of the Phoenician language, a Canaanite language of the Semitic family.It was spoken in Northwest Africa and several Mediterranean islands by the Punic people throughout Classical antiquity, from the … this letter was used to represent q voiceless velar. Looking for the perfect name for your little one? Their usage peaked in 1973 with 0.410% of baby girls being given Phoenician names. They did however share a common language, common religious practices, ethnic origin and a common maritime trade culture[16], Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay, Romanization of Arabic § Arabic alphabet and nationalism, Interfaces of the Word: Studies in the Evolution of Consciousness and Culture, Introduction to Arabic Natural Language Processing, "Is the Islamic State Exterminating the Language of Jesus? Phoenician origins have additional appeal for the Christian middle class, as it presents the Phoenicians as traders, and the Lebanese emigrant as a modern-day Phoenician adventurer, whereas for the Sunni it merely veiled French imperialist ambitions, intent on subverting pan-Arabism.[15]. Phoenician Name Generator is free online tool for generating Phoenician Names randomly. Proponents claim that the land of Lebanon has been inhabited uninterruptedly since Phoenician times, and that the current population descends from the original population, with some admixture due to immigration over the centuries. They ascribe Phoenicianism to sectarian influences on Lebanese culture and the attempt by Lebanese Maronites to distance themselves from Arab culture and traditions. Beirut. Sidon. Phoenicia was an ancient civilization on the eastern Mediterranean coast. [1] It constitutes identification of the Lebanese people with the ancient Phoenicians. The name Phoenician, through Latin poenicus (later punicus), comes from Greek phoinikes, attested since Homer and influenced by phoînix "Tyrian purple, crimson; murex" (itself from phoinos "blood red"). Extensive Tyro-Sidonian trade and commercial dominance led to Phoenician becoming a lingua-franca of the maritime Mediterranean during the Iron Age. [25] [17] Phoenician inscriptions are found in Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Cyprus and other locations, as late as the early centuries of the Christian era. Check it out! Phoenician, one of a people of ancient Phoenicia. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. The name Phoenician is by convention given to inscriptions beginning around 1050 BC, because Phoenician, Hebrew, and other Canaanite dialects were largely indistinguishable before that time. European scripts the phoenician language name “kena’ani” has the secondary meaning of “merchant”, a term that characterizes Phoenicians. Greater Syrian nationalism, Berberism, Pharaonism, Phoenicianism little one you 10 random Phoenician names are somewhat popular baby... Ascribe Phoenicianism to sectarian influences on Lebanese culture and traditions, contrary what! 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