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Inuit; and (b) its use is widespread in Native communities in Alaska.) It means hyena. Saying fox in Middle-Eastern Languages. Poetically, the arctic fox is known as "the little white one", to differentiate it from nanuq, the polar bear, "the great white one". Like a lemming, Saying fox in Asian Languages. By this time, foxes had grown Fairbanks: University of Alaska; 1988. 37. Surrey, B.C: Hancock House Publishers Ltd.; 1990. 1. The Finnish have two myths. edn. 14.The First Man. Eskimo and Inuit Names for Huskies and Other Dog Breeds. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 6: Subarctic. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 6: Subarctic. The Tutchone began to trap at the end of September, while the Montagnais of Lake Melville moved to fox hunting grounds in October [27, 36]. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. edn. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15: Northeast. Fox was appreciated more for its pelt quality than its food value [1]; nevertheless, the animal was a source of sustenance for Koyukon and Inuit [2, 3]. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 477-498. With the arrival of European fur traders, the arctic fox acquired a new importance Arctic 1995, 48(1):22-30. 9. Remains of fox were commonly found at the Independence I Paleo-Eskimo archeological site but were rare at the Independence II site at Peary Land [22]. An Inuit word that means "snow angels" which is a way that they picture the Polar Bear. Inuit of Hopedale, Labrador caught arctic fox at key locations [54]. Arctic fox -- tiriganiaq. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1978: 743-747. The Thompson caught fox by forcing them out of their dens with fire or digging them out [29]. edn. After a while he saw a fox enter. D'Anglure BS: Inuit of Quebec. Traps made of ice were used to catch fox in winter while stone traps were used in summer and less frequently [45]. North American foxes include the Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus), the red fox (V. vulpes), and the swift fox (V. velox). Arctic edn. In Northwestern Alaska, trappers built a small snow house over bait and placed a steel trap in the entrance that would catch the fox when it stepped toward the house [51]. Edited by Ray PH. Rogers ES: Equipment for Securing Native Foods and Furs. New Haven: Yale University Press; 1936: 23-39. 18.Up to the Top of the Sky, and Down to the Bottom of the Sea. Fox symbols and totem medicine: cleverness, agility, play, feminine empowerment. the Inuit compare to the spouting of a whale (Randa 1994). Like caribou, foxes edn. Polysynthesis means that there is a base word attached to many different suffixes which change the meaning. 45. Environmental Science and Technology 1986, 20(3):253-255. 31. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press; 1999. Forsyth A: Mammals of North America: Temperate and arctic regions. Volume 1st edition, edn. Fourth, verbs are also indicated by the ending "-aa" on the Eskimo word and generally "it" in the English lgloss. edn. 5 letter words INUIT 6 letter words ESKIMO Edited by Helm J. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1981: 169-189. The Peel River Kutchin (Gwich’in), Crow River Kutchin and Tahltan hunted silver fox, another color variant of red foxes, for its fur, and consumed the meat during times of famine [23, 40]. The man inquired if it was she who had done these things. Addison RF, Zinck ME, Smith TG: PCBs have declined more than DDT-group Residues in Arctic Ringed Seals (Phoca Hispida) between 1972 and 1981. were expected to vary in number and location – sometimes they were present, The Salish used fox flesh in soups and stews [16, 47]. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press; 1964. And, if you'd like to try your tongue with the language of the Inuit even more, we recommend that you visit the following Web sites. Peel River Kutchin (Gwich’in), Crow River Kutchin and Tahltan trapped cross foxes for their fur and consumed fox during times of famine [23, 40]. Gilberg R: Polar Eskimo. "From the time of my childhood I have noticed Find an Inuit name that reflects its breed's heritage and personality. Fox symbols and totem medicine: cleverness, agility, play, feminine empowerment. An Eskimo Legend A hunter who lived by himself found when he returned to the place after an absence that it had been visited and everything put in order as a dutiful wife should do. In: The Chipewyan of The Stony Rapids Region; a study of their changing world with special attention focused upon caribou. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), http://www.iucnredlist.org, Red fox - typical coloration, top; silver fox, lower left; cross fox, lower right. also being employed. ESKIMO-ENGLISH DICTIONARY A list of words covering practically all the words generally used by the Canadian Eskimos. Adult Arctic foxes typically weigh 3.6 kg, but males are slightly bigger than females. Version 2009.1. 44. Central Siberian Yupik has 40 such terms, while the Inuit dialect spoken in Canada's Nunavik region has at least 53, including matsaaruti, for wet snow that can be used to ice a sleigh's runners,.. 39. A Heidenreich CE: The Huron: A Brief Ethnography. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 5: Arctic. 2 synonyms for Inuit: Eskimo, Esquimau. In the summer, Arctic foxes feed mostly on lemmings and voles, but complement their diet with birds and eggs, ground squirrels, young hares, and carrion. American Indian jewelry Tongva Gabrielino Mukat Massachusets Native tattoos 19.Taking Away the Sun. It was common to find arctic fox in Northwestern Alaska, especially if food was nearby [51]. Wilson DE, Ruff S: The Smithsonian book of North American mammals. to be hungry" and did not come to the traps. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania: The Museum; 1911. Winter diet consists of carrion, small mammals, and ptarmigan. 29. Adult red foxes typically weigh 4.8 kg and roam on individual territories, as large as 3,400 hectare in northern part of their range. 18. edn. Inuit traded the pelts of cross foxes, a color variant of red foxes, until the 1960s [59]. Edited by Helm J. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1981: 582-590. 36. Look at the words … Aleut is an Eskimo-Aleut language, related to other languages like Inuktitut and Yup'ik. Friesen TM, Arnold CD: Zooarchaeology of a focal resource: Dietary importance of Beluga Whales to the Precontact Mackenzie Inuit. Black bear meat. For the Inuit, the Sun is generally seen as a woman, and the Moon as a man. 51. Back to the Inupiaq language homepage Back to the American Indian Words homepage Back to the Amerind language homepage. Traps were made from either stone or ice by Iglulik and Quebec Inuit [24, 26, 44]. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 5: Arctic. search for seal dens in the spring, because the foxes, also hunting young seal Edited by Walker DE, Jr. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1998: 253-270. Foxes are carnivorous mammals and are the smallest wild member of the dog family, that also includes wolves and coyotes. Fox brings the spirit animal energies of : mischief, magic, opportunity. Choose an Inuit name for your male or female dog using the list below or use these Inuit names as inspiration for a different dog name. Miller J: Middle Columbia River Salishans. It is a member of the Spitz family, “Eskie”, which is a descendant of the European Spites. Fox was generally trapped in winter, sometimes starting as early as the end of September; however the official fox trapping season was from December first to April fifteenth [16, 34, 35]. 55. A known bearer of this name is the Inuit artist Imona Natsiapik (b. We've arranged the synonyms in length order so that they are easier to find. 4:350-360. 52. Arctic foxes are mainly solitary, usually found alone or in male-female pairs during the breeding season. Journal of the Canadian Dietetic Association 1971:137-141. Arctic 1995, 48 (1):31-46. 19. Taylor JG: Labrador Eskimo Settlements of the Early Contact Period, vol. edn. I’m waiting…) Iktsvarpok = Inuit for “To go outside and check if an expected visitor has arrived, over and over again.” I’ve decided to interpret this last word as an Inuit definition of insanity. The arctic fox figures in several Inuit legends, Foxes experienced large fluctuations in their population Edited by Trigger BG. Problem-solving skills and keen mental faculties sum up Fox’s meaning and symbolism. revised edition. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 6: Subarctic. 13. In addition to using the fur, Micmac used the fat as an ointment and the ulna was used to make awls [63]. : National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 218; 1967: 67-88. This blood would freeze, making it easy to transport back to camp, where it would be made into a broth [35]. 47 No. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 431-436. Archeological evidence at the Kugaluk site suggests that Nuvorugmiut caught arctic fox [50]. Wein EE, Freeman MMR, Makus JC: Use of and preference for traditional foods among the Belcher Island Inuit. 8. Edited by Hall E. Yelloknife: Department of Renewable Resources Government of th Northwest Territories; 1989: 43-50. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 5: Arctic. 11. Ottawa: National Musems of Canada; 1974. Inuit are generally thought to have regarded arctic fox as emergency food [35], with some using the meat as dog food [61]. In: Contributions to the Ethnography of the Kutchin. 56. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 12: Plateau. It means my God is an oath. Eventually edn. GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES OF PLACES IN THE ARTIC They produce one litter, of 6-10 pups per year, born in the den, after around 50 days of gestation. Nights are spent hunting for their preferred prey, which includes various species of small mammals, small birds, reptiles, and insects [2]. In: The Social Economy of the Tlingit Indians. He quietly slipped up to the house and on entering saw a most beautiful woman dressed in skin clothing of wondrous make. 2. 16.Other Men. – some years there were too many foxes to handle, while at other times Ottawa: National Musem of Man; 1979: 26-41. and sometimes they were not (IOHP 180, 162, 158, 147). They are also great scavengers, and Inuit food caches had to be built carefully to prevent tiriganiarjuk from stealing the food. Hull, Quebec: National Musems of Canada; 1988. dark period when many other activities had ceased. edn. Toronto: The Macmillan Company of Canada Limited; 1957. These games broadly serve two main purposes: survival and recreation or celebration. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 1951, 41(8):250-259. The Inuit were mainly hunters, and relied heavily on the animals of the Arctic as their main source of food. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 303-311. Black — Kinnitak. Red foxes form monogamous couples that mate between December and March, and produce around 5 pups that are born in a den about 50 days later. not one could be caught. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 415-424. Fox trapping then became a very important winter hunting activity especially in the early twentieth century; however the fall of fox pelt prices reduced the importance significantly [37, 38]. 14. 17.Man's First Grief. In: Across the Sub-Arctic of Canada. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 5: Arctic. n/a: The Pennsylvania State University; 1983. 22.Why the Moon Waxes and Wanes. Back to the Inupiaq language homepage Back to the American Indian Words homepage Back to the Amerind language homepage. Credit: Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy — Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International — CABS, World Wildlife Fund — US, and Environment Canada — WILDSPACE. In. Red fox remains were also found at the Cabin Onondaga archeological site [62]. 40. Rogers ES: The Quest for Food and Furs: The Mistassini Cree, 1953-1954. They usually den in burrows, rock caves, or hollow logs, but are active year-round. Bit in an Inuit drill; bow drill and by extrention all drill bits. 57. Kemp WB: Baffinland Eskimo. When food was scarce, foxtails were used to soak up the blood of an animal. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 5: Arctic. 25. Fox was skinned and the fur was stretched by inserting twigs into the forefeet and hanging it in a tree [34]. Inuit religion is the shared spiritual beliefs and practices of the Inuit (), an indigenous people from Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. Edited by Trigger BG. I began this blog in January of 2010 and reflected on one poem of Mary's a day. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 528-538. could supply a family with rifles, ammunition, tea, pots, fuel, and other items. Similarly, the Okanagan and Southwestern Chippewa traveled to lodges or hunting grounds in winter to trap small animals, including fox [28, 30]. Inuit dog names are a great choice for owners of any dogs with an Arctic history or for those who have an interest in the Arctic regions of Alaska, Canada, and/or Greenland. Archaeological remains of these ancient Thule structures, including food cache sites, kayak stands, hunting blinds, fox traps and other artifacts are found all across Nunavut. Omushkego Cree are reported to have consumed small quantities of arctic fox [55] and Dogrib caught arctic fox on the tundra [56]. 34. edn. In: The Roles of Men and Women in Eskimo Culture The University of Chicago Publications in Anthropology Ethnological Series. Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center; 1979. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 12: Plateau. Tyrrell JW: Across the Sub-Arctic of Canada. McFadyen Clark A: Koyukon. 1. Edited by Damas D. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1984: 119-135. Prior to contact with Europeans, fox was not hunted as frequently, but became more important when the fur trade developed [35]. edn. IÑUKSUK m Yupik, Greenlandic, Inuit Means "that which acts in the capacity of a human" in Inuktitut. Rogers ES: Subsistence Areas of the Cree-Ojibwa of the Eastern Subarctic: A Preliminary Study. Bitch dog in heat — Malikatâk. We have included twenty basic Aleut words here, to compare with related American Indian languages. Box 1340 Iqaluit, NU X0A 0H0 Phone: 867•975•8400 Toll-free: 1•800•667•2742 Fax: 867•979•3238 Prior to the fur trade and contact with Europeans, arctic fox was hunted occasionally for the meat and fur [35, 57]; however by the 1960s Inuit focused on the pelt/fur, fashioning neck warmers out of the tails and selling the pelts for cash [23, 35, 58], making arctic fox an important economic resource for Inuit [59]. American Indian jewelry Tongva Gabrielino Mukat Massachusets Native tattoos One is the story of a fox trailing fire across the sky, as reflected in their word for the lights, “revontulet,” which literally translates to “Firefox.” The other belief is that the phenomenon is caused by the spume that comes from the blowhole on a whale's back. foxes occupy a distinct position in the northern community: although they are The Greek god had an affair with Callisto in one story, and to protect her from Hera, he turned her and his son into constellations. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 12: Plateau. edn. It's different from a word since a lexeme can give rise to more than one distinctly inflected word. Series: Publications in Ethnology, No. Translate a word of your choice into Canadian Inuit language. Arctic fox was occasionally eaten by Inuit and became an important economic resource when nearby trading posts were established [39]. In sacred language it is known as "the one who walks a lot", as it We have included twenty basic Inuktitut words here, to compare with related American Indian languages. Cultures reported to also trap fox included Tutchone, Okanagan, Chippewa (Anishinabek), Thompson (N'laka'pamux), Eyak, Middle Columbia River Salish, Tlingit, Spokane, Kalispel, Mistissini Cree and Quebec Inuit [1, 26-34]. 43. Whenever a silu, Look at the words marked 1. Most young do not survive their first winter and most adults die before they are 4 years old. Black beetle — Minnguk. pups, often left droppings outside dens they had sniffed out. In the end, Ottawa: Northern Co-ordination and Research Centre, Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources; 1959. Ritzenthaler RE: Southern Chippewa. Your husky is affectionate, friendly with dogs and people, intelligent, and athletic. You can find more Aleut words in our online picture glossaries. Gabriel L: Food and Medicines of the Okanakanes. edn. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press; 1971. Elisapie: Inuit form of the name Elizabeth. Christensen J: Nutrition. Condon RG, Collings P, Wenzel G: The best part of life: subsistence hunting, ethnicity, and economic adaptation among young Inuit males. 38. Mandelbaum DG: The Plains Cree: An Ethnographic, Historical, and Comparative Study, vol. PLACE NAMES IN ALASKA NATIVE LANGUAGES Placenames from from Alaska: Aleut, Inupiaq, Asiatic (Siberian) Eskimo and Yup'ik. traps became more popular, with various combinations of stones, metal, and cord a fox can dig through deep snow very rapidly, sending up a spray of snow that Inuit hunter with bow and arrow: Making muktuk: Hunting Henriksen G: Davis Inlet, Labrador. 10 Symbolic Powers of the Fox ~ Totem, Energies & Magic ~. Heidenreich CE: Huron. 41. IMONA f Inuit Meaning unknown at this point in time. Emmons GT: The Tahltan Indians, vol. The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the most widespread wild carnivore and occurs across most of North America, except the high arctic and some parts of coastal British Columbia, the Rocky Mountains, and southwestern United States. Osgood C: Material Culture: Food. Edited by Walker DE, Jr. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1998: 283-288. In sacred language it is known as "the one who walks a lot", as it always seems to be trotting off somewhere. In December and January, lack of natural light prevented Inuit from hunting, making fox trapping an important source of fresh meat during this period. Hunters would set metal traps in a line spanning many kilometers [35]. In: The Central Eskimo. It was suggested that this Like other members of the dog family, foxes have a pointed muzzle with long canine teeth, dense fur, a big bushy tail, and large erect ears. The trapping season for arctic fox was December to March [60]; men would establish permanent trapping camps to hunt during this time [35]. foxes always crowded around. 53. Contributions of Ethnology V 1967, No. Meaning of Inuit. Within the house, on a line, hung the skin of a fox. Oberg K: The Annual Cycle of Production. edn. always seems to be trotting off somewhere. Black bear (Ursus americanus). Fox traps were often set by Inuit women although men would also share the task when they were not occupied with large game hunting activities [43]. McGee JT: The Seasonal Round of Activities. 10 Symbolic Powers of the Fox ~ Totem, Energies & Magic ~. the carcass of a marine animal, such as a whale, washed up on the shore, numerous thick, warm fur that was prized for clothing. Translate a word of your choice into Canadian Inuit language. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 5: Arctic. 60. Traditionally, foxes were trapped for meat and pelts, which could be made into edn. Inuit word for coal. edn. edn. 30. They occupy dens with multiple entrances (up to 60) that can be used over many generations. The word repeated by the hare had stronger magic than the fox’s word. When steel traps became available these methods became less important. However, some island populations alternate between light bluish gray in the winter and dark bluish gray in the summer. Later on, metal one of which speaks about the creation of night and day. Labrador Inuit Association: Our Footprints Are Everywhere: Inuit Land Use and Occupancy in Labrador. Hoffman D, Libbey D, Spearman G: Nuiqsut: Land Use Values Through Time in the Nuiqsut Area, vol. edn. 1966). Bite off pieces with your teeth — Mikiak. 10. Today, the word titirtugait is very fascinating to Inuit like me. edn. For the Inuit, the Sun is generally seen as a woman, and the Moon as a man. The Fox Spirit is a diversified creature in folktales. The fox, however, prefers to 42. Another method involved building stone or ice wells that were baited. Foxes are more solitary than larger canids like coyotes and wolves, but occasional hunt in pairs. They feel it was made up during the 1950’s when printmaking was introduced and somebody tried to translate the word … Inuit people are strict followers of animism, which explains their love for spiritual names, such as Nuliajuk, which means a ‘woman with a fin, who is the leader of all the seals in the sea’, Ijiraq, which means ‘caribou like spirit’, and Nanurluk, which is the name of a mythical, large polar bear. Saskatoon: Institute for Northern Studies, University of Saskatchewan; 1973: 12-47. They are opportunistic in their feeding habits and small mammals are their staple food, but they also feed on birds, fruits, invertebrates, and carrion [2]. edn. The Micmac ate fresh fox meat and also smoked it. 35. 23. — Adlak. to be built carefully to prevent tiriganiarjuk from stealing the food. 1st edition. Berkes F, George PJ, Preston RJ, Hughes.A, Turner J, Cummins BD: Wildlife Harvesting and Sustainable Regional Native Economy in the Hudson and James Bay Lowland, Ontario. Ikiaq: Red spruce in Inuit language. Dig into and choose from MomJunction’s treasure of 70,000+ baby names that are divided based on meaning, religion, origin, English alphabet, and gender. Nain: Labrador Inuit Association; 1977. Since very little vegetation could survive in the Arctic climate, the Inuit could not depend solely on plants for food. Arctic 1996, 49 (3):256-264. 20.The Dwarf People. edn. Speck FG, Dexter RW: Utilization of animals and plants by the Micmac Indians of New Brunswick. They are tireless long-distance travelers and are almost always on the move trotting across their large hunting territories. Cultures that also consumed fox meat on occasion include the Ingalik, Vunta Kutchin (Gwich’in), Kwakiutl (Kwakwaka'wakw), Assiniboine, Plains Cree, Huron and Montagnais-Naskapi (Innu) [4-12].

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